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IntrusiveMemoriesUsuallyimages/flashbacks,butalsosounds,smells,sensations,atthecenterofdisturbingstresslevelsafterexposuretoatraumaticevent.Recentneuroscienceresearchdemonstratesthattheseintrusivememoriescanbereducedbyengagingin20+minutesofmentalrotationexerciseswithina72-hourtimewindowafteranevent.Thementalrotationexercisesinthisapplicationhavebeendesignedtoreduceintrusivememories.Theseexercisesareonlineonlineifaninternetconnectionisavailable,orcanbeinstalledonanAndroidmobiledevicetoassuretimelyaccess.
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SquaresTimewindow:completeexerciseupto72hoursfollowingevent.Safe,quietlocation.Fourcolor-codedlevels(easytohard);easier:forpracticeormentalrotationskillimprovement.Timers:fivecolor-codedside-bartimers:noneor60,45,30,15(timeruponexpiration,advancestonextscreen).
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Fortheactualexercise,choosethehardestlevel(red)andkeepthepreviewmodechecked;checkingpreviewspinisoptional.Duringplay,tostopsingletop-squarerotation,hoveroveritorclickittoresettheentiregametolevel1.Score(maximum18correct):markedbybottomgreenbars.Beforegameplay,recallimagesofworsteventmoments(hotspots).Gameplay:ofthe3smallsquares,whichmatchesthetopsquare?Activatingyourmentalrotationskillsiscriticaltotheexercise.
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Focusyourmind’seyeonrotatingthesquares:imaginerotatingthemtomatch.Duringgameplay,previewthenextsquareandvisualizeasolutionusingmentalrotationtostrengthentheeffect.Minimum10minutesuninterruptedgameplayandatotalof20+minuteswithin72hoursofexposuretothetraumaticevent.Recordtimeforeachplaysessionusingthemenupage’sdigitaltimer.responses
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OKtoengageinadditionalboostersessionsofgameplayfollowingthesameprotocol:(1)asafe,quietlocation,(2)eventhotspotsrecallfollowedbyexercise,(3)concentratingonpiece-rotation(bothprimaryandpreviewsquares)toimprovematchinganduseofmentalrotation.Result:reduceintrusivememoriesthatlatertriggerdisturbingstress.responsesReferencesBethell-Fox,C.E.&Shepard,R.N.(1988).Mentalrotation:Effectsofstimuluscomplexityandfamiliarity.J.Exp.Psychol.Hum.Percept.Perform.14,12–'2E23.Availableat:http://doi.apa.org/getdoi.cfm?doi=10.1037/0096-1523.14.1.12.
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Kanstrup,M.,Singh,L.,Göransson,K.E.etal.Reducingintrusivememoriesaftertraumaviaabriefcognitivetaskinterventioninthehospitalemergencydepartment:anexploratorypilotrandomisedcontrolledtrial.TranslPsychiatry11,30(2021).https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-01124-6.Thirkettle,M.,Lewis,J.,Langdridge,D.&Pike,G.A.MobileAppDeliveringaGamifiedBatteryofCognitiveTestsDesignedforRepeatedPlay(OUBrainwave):AppDesignandCohortStudy,JMIRSeriousGames2018;6(4):e10519.(morereferencesatURLbelow)
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PolyominoesPreventionusingpolyominoshapesinamentalrotationskillbuilder.Timewindow:completeupto72hoursfollowingevent.Safe,quietlocation.PinkorBrownnoiseisavailableasabackgroundsound(tostart,movethevolumeslider).Beforegameplay,recallimagesofworstmoments(hotspots).Activatingyourmentalrotationskillsiscriticaltotheexercise.
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Focusyourmind’seyeonrotationofpiecestoimprovematching.Imaginerotatingthemiddleshape;whichleft-sideshapewouldmatchthemiddleshapeiftheirrotationsmatched?Thedefaultsetting(left-sideradiobutton)ispre-selectedtoimproveusingmentalrotationinanactualexercise:middleshapedoesnotrotate.Iftheright-sideradiobuttonisselectedinstead,themiddleshapewillcontinuouslyrotate,reducinguseofmentalrotation.OKforpracticeandmentalrotationskillbuilding.3levels:easy,medium,hard:practice:easytohard,actualeventhard.
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Minimum10minutesuninterruptedgameplayandtotalof20+minutes;recordtimeusingmenupagedigitaltimerforeachplaysession.Before72hours,ifyouhavealreadycompleted10minutesgameplay,usethisorthesquaresexerciseandthehardestlevel:red.OKtoengageinadditionalboostersessionsofgameplayfollowingthesameprotocol:(1)safe,quietlocation,(2)eventrecallfollowedbyexercise,(3)concentratingonpiece-rotationtoimprovematchinganduseofmentalrotation.Result:reduceintrusivememoriesthatlatertriggerdisturbingstress.
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3DshapesTimewindow:completeexerciseupto72hoursfollowingevent.Safe,quietlocation.Twosetsof3Dshapes,48ineachset.Screenappearsfor7.5secondsbeforechangingtothenextscreen.Istheright-sideshapearotatedversionoftheleft-sideshape(greenbutton)orarotatedversionofitsmirrorimage(redbutton)?
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after7.5seconds,ifnochoice,screenwilladvance
Ganis,GandKievit,R.A.2015.ANewSetofThree-DimensionalShapesforInvestigatingMentalRotationProcesses:ValidationDataandStimulusSet.JournalofOpenPsychologyData3(1):e3,DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jopd.ai
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